FirstEnergy Announces 2019 Financial Results

Affirms 2020 Guidance and Long-Term Growth Projection, Provides First Quarter 2020 Guidance
FirstEnergy logo on blue wall

AKRON, Ohio, Feb. 7, 2020 -- FirstEnergy Corp. (NYSE: FE) today reported full-year 2019 GAAP earnings of $908 million, or $1.70 per basic share ($1.68 diluted), on revenue of $11.0 billion. This compares to 2018 GAAP earnings of $981 million, or $1.99 per basic and diluted share of common stock, on revenue of $11.3 billion. Results for both periods include the impact of special items listed below.

Operating (non-GAAP) earnings* for 2019 were $2.58 per share, at the top end of the company's most recent earnings guidance. In 2018, operating (non-GAAP) earnings were $2.59 per share.

"This was another great year for FirstEnergy, marked by solid execution on initiatives that benefit our customers, shareholders, communities and our company," said Charles E. Jones, FirstEnergy president and chief executive officer. "In 2020, we expect to build on our progress as we continue implementing our long-term, customer-focused growth plans."

FirstEnergy is affirming its long-term growth rate projections. The company remains on track to achieve 6% to 8% compound annual operating (non-GAAP) earnings growth (CAGR)** from 2018 to 2021, as well as its extended CAGR of 5% to 7% through 2023. That projection includes plans to issue up to $600 million of equity annually starting in 2022 to fund the company's regulated growth initiatives.

For 2020, FirstEnergy is updating its full-year GAAP earnings forecast range to $900 million to $1.41 billion, or $1.66 to $2.60 per share, based on 542 million shares. The company is affirming its full-year operating (non-GAAP) guidance of $2.40 to $2.60 per share.

For the first quarter of 2020, FirstEnergy is providing a GAAP forecast ranging from a loss of $(75) million to earnings of $380 million, or $(0.14) to $0.70 per share based on 542 million shares outstanding. The company is also introducing operating (non-GAAP) guidance of $0.60 to $0.70 per share for the period.

Both 2020 GAAP forecast periods include the impact of an expected mark-to-market adjustment on the pension and other post-employment benefits (OPEB) plans, as discussed in the special items listed below.

Fourth Quarter Results

In the fourth quarter of 2019, FirstEnergy reported a GAAP loss of $(111) million, or $(0.20) per basic and diluted share of common stock, on revenue of $2.7 billion. The loss reflects the impact of the company's annual non-cash, pension and OPEB mark-to-market adjustment, and includes other special items shown below.

In the fourth quarter of 2018, the company reported GAAP earnings of $128 million, or $0.25 per basic and diluted share of common stock, on revenue of $2.7 billion. Results include the special items shown below.

Operating (non-GAAP) earnings for the fourth quarter of 2019 were $0.55 per share. In the fourth quarter of 2018, operating (non-GAAP) earnings were $0.50 per share.

Operating results in FirstEnergy's Regulated Distribution business were flat compared to the fourth quarter of 2018 as lower operating expenses offset the absence of the Ohio Distribution Modernization Rider (Ohio DMR) and the impact of more mild temperatures across the company's footprint in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Total distribution deliveries decreased 3.2% compared to the fourth quarter of 2018 due to more mild temperatures and lower commercial and industrial usage. Residential sales decreased 3.1%, driven by a 7% decrease in heating degree days compared to the fourth quarter of 2018. Commercial deliveries decreased 4.3%, while sales to industrial customers decreased 2.4%.

In the Regulated Transmission business, fourth quarter 2019 operating results increased primarily due to higher rate base associated with the company's ongoing investments in its Energizing the Future transmission program and lower operating expenses, which offset higher net financing costs.

In the Corporate/Other segment, fourth quarter 2019 operating results reflect lower operating expenses compared to the same quarter of 2018.

Full-Year 2019 Segment Results

For the full year of 2019, operating earnings decreased in the Regulated Distribution business as lower expenses were offset by the absence of the Ohio DMR in the second half of the year, as well as lower distribution deliveries.

In the Regulated Transmission business, full-year 2019 operating results benefited primarily from higher transmission margins related to continued investments in the company's Energizing the Future initiative.

In the Corporate/Other segment, operating results benefited primarily from lower operating expenses.


Consolidated GAAP Earnings Per Share (EPS) to Operating (Non-GAAP) EPS* Reconciliation


Fourth Quarter


Full Year


2020 Estimates








First Quarter

Full Year


Net Income (Loss) attributable to Common
Stockholders (GAAP) - $M








$(75) - $380

$900 - $1,410


Basic EPS (GAAP)








$(0.14) - $0.70

$1.66 – $2.60


Excluding Special Items*:


    Impact of full dilution







Mark-to-market adjustments –


  Pension/OPEB actuarial assumptions








0.74 - 0.00

0.74 - 0.00


Regulatory charges









Debt redemption costs







Tax reform







Exit of competitive generation









Total Special Items*








0.74 - 0.00

0.74 - 0.00


Operating EPS (Non-GAAP)








$0.60 - $0.70

$2.40 - $2.60


Per share amounts for the special items and earnings drivers above are based on the after-tax effect of each item divided by number of shares outstanding assuming full impact of dilution from the $2.5 billion equity issuance in January 2018. The current and deferred income tax effect was calculated by applying the subsidiaries' statutory tax rate to the pre-tax amount if deductible/taxable. The income tax rates range from 21% to 29% for all periods. Earnings (Loss) Per Share is based on 512 million and 492 million shares for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year of 2018, respectively, and 540 million and 535 million shares for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year of 2019, respectively. First Quarter and Full Year 2020 Estimates of Earnings (Loss) Per Share and Operating EPS (Non-GAAP) are based on 542 million shares.


Upon the FES Debtors' emergence from bankruptcy, FirstEnergy will perform a remeasurement of the pension and OPEB plans. Assuming an emergence in the first quarter of 2020, FirstEnergy anticipates an after-tax, non-cash, mark-to-market loss of up to $400M, assuming a discount rate of ~3.10% to 3.35% and a return on the pension and OPEB plans' assets based on actual investment performance through January 31, 2020.


Non-GAAP financial measures
* Operating earnings (loss) excludes "special items" as described below, and is a non-GAAP financial measure. Special items represent charges incurred or benefits realized that management believes are not indicative of, or may obscure trends useful in evaluating the company's ongoing core activities and results of operations or otherwise warrant separate classification. Special items also reflect the adjustment to include the full impact of share dilution from the $2.5 billion equity issuance in January 2018. Special items are not necessarily non-recurring. Management uses Operating earnings (loss) and Operating earnings (loss) per share to evaluate the company's performance and manage its operations and frequently references these non-GAAP financial measures in its decision making, using them to facilitate historical and ongoing performance comparisons. Additionally, management uses Operating earnings (loss) per share by segment to further evaluate the company's performance by segment and references this non-GAAP financial measure in its decision making. Operating earnings (loss) per share and operating earnings (loss) per share for each segment is calculated by dividing Operating earnings (loss), which excludes specials items as discussed herein, for the periods presented in 2018 by 538 million shares, 539 million shares in 2019, 540 million shares in the fourth quarter of 2019, and 542 million shares in 2020, which reflects the full impact of share dilution from the equity issuance in January 2018. Management believes that the non-GAAP financial measures of Operating earnings (loss) and Operating earnings (loss) per share and Operating earnings (loss) per share by segment provide consistent and comparable measures of performance of its businesses on an ongoing basis. Management also believes that such measures are useful to shareholders and other interested parties to understand performance trends and evaluate the company against its peer group by presenting period-over-period operating results without the effect of certain charges or benefits that may not be consistent or comparable across periods or across the company's peer group. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company's historical or future financial performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP). These non-GAAP financial measures are intended to complement, and are not considered as alternatives to, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. Also, the non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other entities. Pursuant to the requirements of Regulation G, FirstEnergy has provided, where possible without unreasonable effort, quantitative reconciliations within this presentation of the non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

** The Company's management team cannot estimate on a forward-looking basis the impact of special items in the context of Operating earnings (loss) per share growth projections because special items, which could be significant, are difficult to predict and may be highly variable. Consequently, the Company is unable to reconcile Operating earnings (loss) per share growth projections to a GAAP measure without unreasonable effort.

Investor Materials and Teleconference

FirstEnergy's Strategic and Financial Highlights and Investor Factbook are posted on the company's Investor Information website – To access the report, click on the Fourth Quarter 2019 Financial Results link.

The company invites investors, customers and other interested parties to listen to a live webcast of its teleconference for financial analysts and view presentation slides at 11:00 a.m. EST today. FirstEnergy management will present an overview of the company's financial results, followed by a question-and-answer session. The teleconference and presentation can be accessed on the website by selecting the Fourth Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call link. The webcast and presentation will be archived on the website.

FirstEnergy is dedicated to safety, reliability and operational excellence. Its 10 electric distribution companies form one of the nation's largest investor-owned electric systems, serving customers in Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, West Virginia, Maryland and New York. The company's transmission subsidiaries operate approximately 24,500 miles of transmission lines that connect the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions. Follow FirstEnergy on Twitter @FirstEnergyCorp or online at

Forward-Looking Statements: This news release includes forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 based on information currently available to management. Unless the context requires otherwise, as used herein, references to "we", "us", "our", and "FirstEnergy" refer to FirstEnergy Corp. Forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. These statements include declarations regarding management's intents, beliefs and current expectations. These statements typically contain, but are not limited to, the terms "anticipate," "potential," "expect," "forecast," "target," "will," "intend," "believe," "project," "estimate," "plan" and similar words. Forward-looking statements involve estimates, assumptions, known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements, which may include the following: the ability to successfully execute an exit from commodity-based generation, including, without limitation, mitigating exposure for remedial activities associated with formerly owned generation assets; the ability to accomplish or realize anticipated benefits from strategic and financial goals, including, but not limited to, our strategy to operate and grow as a fully regulated business, to execute our transmission and distribution investment plans, to continue to reduce costs and to improve our credit metrics, strengthen our balance sheet and grow earnings; legislative and regulatory developments including, but not limited to, matters related to rates, compliance and enforcement activity; economic and weather conditions affecting future operating results, such as significant weather events and other natural disasters, and associated regulatory events or actions; changes in assumptions regarding economic conditions within our territories, the reliability of our transmission and distribution system, or the availability of capital or other resources supporting identified transmission and distribution investment opportunities; changes in customers' demand for power, including, but not limited to, the impact of climate change or energy efficiency and peak demand reduction mandates; changes in national and regional economic conditions affecting us and/or our major industrial and commercial customers or others with which we do business; the risks associated with cyber-attacks and other disruptions to our information technology system, which may compromise our operations, and data security breaches of sensitive data, intellectual property and proprietary or personally identifiable information; the ability to comply with applicable reliability standards and energy efficiency and peak demand reduction mandates; changes to environmental laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, those related to climate change; changing market conditions affecting the measurement of certain liabilities and the value of assets held in our pension trusts and other trust funds, or causing us to make contributions sooner, or in amounts that are larger, than currently anticipated; the risks associated with the Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings involving FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. (FES), its subsidiaries, and FirstEnergy Nuclear Operating company (FENOC) (FES Bankruptcy) that could adversely affect us, our liquidity or results of operations, including, without limitation, that conditions to the FES Bankruptcy settlement agreement may not be met or that the FES Bankruptcy settlement agreement may not be otherwise consummated, and if so, the potential for litigation and payment demands against us by FES or FENOC or their creditors; the risks associated with the decommissioning of our retired and former nuclear facilities; the risks and uncertainties associated with litigation, arbitration, mediation and like proceedings; labor disruptions by our unionized workforce; changes to significant accounting policies; any changes in tax laws or regulations, , or adverse tax audit results or rulings; the ability to access the public securities and other capital and credit markets in accordance with our financial plans, the cost of such capital and overall condition of the capital and credit markets affecting us, including the increasing number of financial institutions evaluating the impact of climate change on their investment decisions; actions that may be taken by credit rating agencies that could negatively affect either our access to or terms of financing or our financial condition and liquidity; and the risks and other factors discussed from time to time in FirstEnergy's Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filings. Dividends declared from time to time on FirstEnergy's common stock during any period may in the aggregate vary from prior periods due to circumstances considered by FirstEnergy's Board of Directors at the time of the actual declarations. A security rating is not a recommendation to buy or hold securities and is subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating agency. Each rating should be evaluated independently of any other rating. These forward-looking statements are also qualified by, and should be read together with, the risk factors included in FirstEnergy's filings with the SEC, including but not limited to the most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K. The foregoing review of factors also should not be construed as exhaustive. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for management to predict all such factors, nor assess the impact of any such factor on FirstEnergy's business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. FirstEnergy expressly disclaims any obligation to update or revise, except as required by law, any forward-looking statements contained herein as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.




CONTACT: News Media Contact: Tricia Ingraham, (330) 384-5247, Investor Contact: Irene Prezelj, (330) 384-3859

Last Modified: February 7, 2020